IN OUR ACTUAL TIMES,THERE ARE EMERGING MEN OR WOMEN WHO BECOME FAMOUS BECAUSE OF THEIR ATTITUDES RELATED TO THEIR COUNTRY OR WORLD´S SOCIAL,ECONOMICAL,POLITICAL OR HUMAN SITUATIONS.
DEAR STUDENTS: ALL OF THIS TOPICS NEED GRAMMAR STRUCTURES WHICH WE NECESSARY HAVE TO STUDY AND REVIEW….
1. To scan information.
2. To notice about famous personalities and their contribution to actual human civilization.
3. To use grammar structures for studying English language: PERSONAL PRONOUNS / USE OF WH-QUESTIONS IN PRESENT TENSE,PAST TENSE AND PRESENT PERFECT TENSE.
C. INDICADORES DE LOGRO:
1. Find out correct information about Martin Luther king Jr. and Mohands K. Ghandi.
2. Explain the contribution that Luther King Jr. and Ghandi gave about Human Rights.
2. Construct questions and answers in Present,Past and Present Perfect Tense correctly.
Answer the following questions:
Who was Martin Luther king Jr.?
-Who was Mohands K.Ghandi?
-Where did they come from?
-What were their most important actions that helped the humanity?
E. DESARROLLO DE LA CLASE:
1. The teacher makes some questions about Martin Luther King Jr. and Mohandas K. Ghandi. (In Spanish )
2. Students should explain about what Human Rights are. ( In Spanish )
3. The Teacher gives a written presentation about Martin Luther King Jr. and Mohands K. Ghandi.
4. In groups of three, Students read and discuss important details about the personality of Luther King Jr. and Ghandi.
5. The teacher explains grammar structures to use with the reading given.
6. Students redact a short report about what they have discussed.
MOHANDS K. GHANDI
Gandhi was born in Porbandar, a small coastal town in the princely state of Saurashtra, now the state of Gujarat (India). He was the son of Karamchand Gandhi, the diwan (Prime Minister) of Porbandar. His family was of the breed vaisia (merchant). His mother, Putlibai, the fourth wife of his father, had a great influence on his childhood, when Gandhi learned at a very early age not to harm any living being, to be vegetarian, to fast to purify and to have tolerance for other faiths and religions.
At thirteen, her parents arranged her marriage to Kasturba Makharji, who was a year older than him, and which would have four children.
Gandhi was a mediocre student in his youth at Porbandar and later Rajkot, barely managing to pass the entrance exam at the University of Bombay in 1887, enrolling at the School of Samaldas in Bhavnagar. He was not there long, and took the opportunity presented to him to study in England, a country that considered the “cradle of philosophers and poets, the center of civilization.” He studied law at the University of London. He returned to India after attaining his degree to practice law in England.
He tried to establish himself as a lawyer in Bombay, but not very successful, since at the time the legal profession was overcrowded and Gandhi was not a dynamic figure in the courts. Rajkot returned to exercising the modest task of preparing petitions for litigants. He had to leave this task after an altercation with a British officer in an incident in which he tried to plead for his brother.
Work in South Africa
In the year 1893, agreed to sign an employment contract for one year with an Indian company operating in Natal (South Africa). He became interested in the situation of the 150,000 compatriots who lived there, fighting against laws that discriminate against Hindus in South Africa through passive resistance and civil disobedience.
However, the incident would serve as a catalyst for political activism occurred several years later, while traveling to Pretoria was forced out of the train he was traveling in the Pietermaritzburg station where he refused to move from where they traveled first class to third class, which was for black people. Later, traveling in a stagecoach, was beaten by the driver when he refused to give up her seat to a passenger with white skin. Moreover, on this trip other humiliations suffered by not giving accommodation in several hotels because of their race. This experience gave him much more in touch with the daily problems faced by black people in South Africa. And in this country, having suffered racism, prejudice and injustice began to question the social situation of their countrymen and yours the same in society.
When her contract ended, he prepared to return to India. At the farewell party in his honor in Durban, flipping through a newspaper reported that it was drafting a law in the Legislative Assembly of Natal, which deny the vote to Indians. Postponed his return to India and set about the task of preparing several requests, both the assembly of Natal and the British government trying to prevent that law was passed. While it did not achieve its objective, since the law was enacted, did, however, draw attention to the problems of racial discrimination against Indians in South Africa.
Extend your stay in this country, founding the Party Natal Indian Congress in 1894. Through this organization was able to unite the Indian community in South Africa into a homogeneous political force, inundating the press and the government with allegations of violation of civil rights of Indians and evidence of British discrimination in South Africa.
Gandhi returned to India briefly to take his wife and children to South Africa. Upon his return, in January 1897, a group of white men attacked him and tried to lynch him. As a clear indication of the values that would keep for life, refused to denounce their attackers to justice, saying it was one of its principles not to seek redress in the courts for damages perpetrated on his person.
At the beginning of the South African War, Gandhi felt that the Indians should participate in that war if legitimate aspirations as citizens with full rights. Thus organized volunteer corps noncombatants attend the British. However, when the war ended, the situation of the Indians did not improve in fact continued to deteriorate.
In 1906 the Transvaal government promulgated a law requiring all Indians to register. This caused a massive protest in Johannesburg, where Gandhi first adopted the platform called satyagraha (‘attachment or devotion to truth’) which was a nonviolent protest.
Gandhi insisted that openly defied the Indians, but without violence, the law enacted, suffering the punishment that the government wanted to impose. This challenge took seven years in which thousands of Indians were jailed (including Gandhi on several occasions), flogged and even executed for protesting, refusing to register, burning their registration cards and other forms of nonviolent protest. While the government managed to suppress the protests of the Indians, the complaint on the outside of the extreme methods used by the South African government finally forced South African General Jan Christian Smuts to negotiate a solution with Gandhi.
During his years in South Africa, Gandhi drew inspiration from the Bhagavad Gita and in the books of Tolstoy, particularly in the Kingdom of God is within you. In the 1880 Tolstoy had become deeply to the cause of Christian anarchism. Gandhi translated Tolstoy’s another book called Letter to a Hindu writing in 1908 in response to the Indian nationalists who supported the violence. Gandhi remained in contact until Tolstoy’s death in 1910. 
Tolstoy’s letter is based on the Hindu doctrines and teachings of Lord Krishna in connection with the growing Indian nationalism. Gandhi was also inspired by the American writer and anarchist Henry David Thoreau who wrote the famous essay Civil Disobedience. Gandhi himself, in part, has become a benchmark very representative of the pacifist anarchism.
Back to India
Gandhi returned to India in 1915. At this time it had changed their lifestyle habits and adopting more traditional India. He tried at first to launch a new newspaper and practicing law, but was dissuaded by Gopal Krishna Gokhale, who convinced him to pursue work of major national importance.
And his wife Kasturba Gandhi traveled throughout India. He maintained a voluminous correspondence with different characters in this country and continued experimenting with his diet and deepening their knowledge of religion and philosophy, but mainly focussed on setting policy.
World War II
Nehru and Indira Gandhi. Late thirties.
Gandhi fasted along with the young Indira (Nehru’s daughter, who later became Prime Minister of India) in 1939.
The Bengali poet Rabindranath Tagore with Gandhi in 1940.
Gandhi with Mahadev Desai (in 1942).
Jawaharlal Nehru Gandhi jokes (in Mumbai, the July 6, 1946).
World War II broke out in 1939, when Nazi Germany invaded Poland. Initially, Gandhi had favored the policy of indifference and non-violence against the British, but the unilateral inclusion of India in the war, without consulting the people’s representatives, offended other congressional leaders. All elected members of Congress to resign en masse.
After lengthy deliberations, Gandhi declared that India could not be in favor of a war that apparently was a struggle for democratic freedom, while that freedom was denied to India itself.
As the war progressed, Gandhi intensified its claim for independence, drafting a call for the British to leave India. Rise of Gandhi and the party’s ultimate objective of Congress was securing the British exit from India.
-BIBLIOGRAFIA DIGITAL O VINCULOS:
1. SS.WILL DISCUSS ABOUT THE EXAMPLES OF PACIFIC ACTIONS WHICH GHANDI PERFORMED. ( IN GROUPS OF THREE )
2. SS. WILL MAKE A REPORT ABOUT THE DISCUSSION USING SIMPLE SENTENCES IN PRESENT,PAST AND PRESENT PERFECT TENSE. ( GROUPS OF THREE ).
3. INDIVIDUALLY, THEY´LL CREATE QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS ABOUT THE TOPIC,USING WH- QUESTION WORDS IN PRESENT,PAST AND PRESENT PERFECT TENSE.
INSTRUCTIONS. COMPLETE THE SENTENCES USING THE READING ABOUT MOHANDAS K. GHANDI.
- WHERE WAS GHANDI BORN? ________________________________________________
- WHO WAS HIS FATHER? ____________________________________________________
- WHAT WAS GHANDI´S FATHER? ____________________________________________________
- HOW OLD WAS GHANDI WHEN HE GOT MARRIED? ____________________________________________________
5 .WHERE DID GHANDI STUDY?